The connection between vaccines and autism.
Oh god. Not this again. *sigh*
"Vaccines don’t cause autism. They cause demyelination, which eats the myelin sheath, paving the way for neural damage. THAT causes autism."
May not be word-for-word, mobile tumblr doesn’t let me look at the OP while typing my caption.
//cracks knuckles alright here we go i’m doing it anyway
This is really long and I apologize.
First off, I found out in my Infectious Disease course that the vaccine scare is a Real Thing for a Real Reason (TM). Back in ‘76 there was a flu outbreak in Fort Dix, New Jersey. A few recruits got sick and one recruit died, and after some short investigation they found out it was a new strain of swine flu that was highly infectious. So they made a vaccine. They made a lot of it. And they made it really fast. Flu vaccine is made in eggs. There were bad batches. And lots of people got sick, there were 500 cases of Guillian-Barre syndrome and 25 deaths. Back in 1976.
The reason they did everything really fast was because it was election season and it was all televised, so every time they asked a candidate questions, they brought up the Fort Dix outbreak. So the government was put under pressure by the people to do something fast. And they did, for the safety of the American Public. Unfortunately it backfired, and the handling of that disaster was positively awful.
So the people raised in that generation became mistrusting of vaccines. And passed that distrust on to their kids. Who are now growing up and having babies. And don’t trust vaccines. Any of them. Ever.
Let’s look into some actual scientific studies about the relationship between vaccination and demyelination, as this post claims. Before I crank out sources completely tearing this fun little claim to shreds, let me talk about demyelination.
If you’ve ever seen the movie Lorenzo’s Oil, or heard about ALD, you will know what myelin is. It’s a protective sheath around your nerve cells’ axons, or tails. It helps impulses travel faster. Without myelin, the symptoms that crop up are those of diseases like ALD, Guillian-Barre, Multiple Sclerosis, and other leukodystrophies. When myelin is broken down, it hinders motor function. It causes ataxia, types of paralysis, loss of coordination, weakness, and sensation.
Some of those things overlap with autism. In children. When children present stereotypy, which is rapid repetitious motion. But children with autism also present in ways that completely contradicts demyelination symptoms, like compulsive behavior, extreme articulation (stacking, lining, ordering objects in ways that young children do not usually present) and most importantly sensory overload.
Sensory overload is important to autistic individuals. They are oversensitive to things that go unnoticed by non-autistic individuals. Like white noise and fluorescent lights and the room temperature. If the CNS or PNS are being broken down due to demyelination, there’s no way that the exact opposite symptoms could possibly occur. This argument is very silly!
Moving on, citations that scientists have done investigating ‘vaccines’ in general to the demyelination process….
- Rubin, Micheal - Are Vaccines Safe after Guillian-Barre and Chronic INflammatory Demyelinating Neuropathy? — “Although patients with prior GBS or CIDP continue to experience pain and fatigue long after diagnosis, seasonal vaccination of these patients, particularly GBS, appears to carry a low risk of recurrence.”
-Karaali-Savrun, F. Et al - Hepatitis B vaccine related myelitis? - “Similar clinical and imaging presentation of myelitis following hepatitis B vaccination within a 1 year period with no other demonstrable clinical and laboratory evidence for any other disorder raise the probability of a causal link between these two events.”
There are dozens of studies on the relation of vaccines to demyelinating diseases. You know what they all have in common? They’re studying patients who already have those diseases. They’re neuro-degenerative. They’re seeing if the vaccines cause a flare-up or re-occurrence in a disease they already have by exciting and aggravating the immune system. Not one study shows any connection between getting vaccinated and developing a demyelinating disease.
Let’s talk about autism spectrum disorders. Why do parents think that getting vaccinated causes autism? It’s mostly because the presentation of an autistic individual can first be seen right after immunization. A baby gets immunized not right after birth, but a few months later, when their immune system can handle it and has the functionality to learn and develop long-term memory. And that’s around the time a baby starts moving, playing with toys, and reacting to the world around them in a way that adults can recognize. And people think in terms of short time spans, so cause and effect would lead them to believe the two are related when they’re not.
There are multiple causes of ASDs that researchers know about, including genetic causes, environmental factors, and prenatal stress. It’s complicated and anyone who has any experience with ASDs know that there is no cut and dry, and it is not a disease, it is not an epidemic, and treating it as such is insulting and frankly uninformed.
There are studies investigating the relationship between mercury and aluminum in vaccines, used as preservatives. (Senef, S. Et al, Aluminum and Acetaminophen, Price, C. et al, Thimerosal from Vaccines) There is a link in animals between ASD-like symptoms and inorganic mercury or aluminum buildup in the CNS. And you know what the vaccine companies did when those studies were created?
They created vaccines that don’t include preservatives. At cost to them. That you can opt into if you are informed and concerned.
1. Not getting your kid vaccinated is not only a risk to your kid, but to other kids they interact with and the entire community at large. Kids die from MMR. That’s the reason we have the vaccine.
2. Stop making grandiose claims about disorders that you clearly don’t understand. It’s insulting to people with those disorders, who feel persecuted. It’s insulting to the researchers and vaccine scientists who dedicate their lives and livelihoods to studying these things. And it’s insulting to yourself, because you can’t take the time to look up something you claim to feel so strongly about.
Sorry this got long.
TL;DR: VACCINES DON’T CAUSE AUTISM, AND THIS HAS BEEN DEBUNKED FOR MANY YEARS. IF YOU STILL BELIEVE IT, YOU’RE FLAT OUT IGNORANT AND NEED TO STOP TALKING UNTIL YOU LEARN.
The British study that was done that linked vaccines and autism was an ELABORATE FRAUD:
"It’s one thing to have a bad study, a study full of error, and for the authors then to admit that they made errors," Fiona Godlee, BMJ’s editor-in-chief, told CNN. “But in this case, we have a very different picture of what seems to be a deliberate attempt to create an impression that there was a link by falsifying the data.” (emphasis added)
It’s extremely appropriate that this post on my dash is followed by a link to this article on the dangerous impact of OP’s anti-vaccine pseudo-science bullshit: “Measles is back. It had help.”
Read the breakdown above. For real.
The word Bacteria was introduced by Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg in 1838. It derives from the Greek βακτήριον (bakterion) meaning “small staff”. This is because the first bacteria observed were rod-shaped— meaning that whilst the name is an adequate description of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli it is technically an improper designation for Staphylococcus aureus,Vibrio cholerae, and countless other members of this group of prokaryotes. To separate them from Archaea, Bacteria are now formally referred to as Eubacteria (meaning True Bacteria).
Archaea, previously known as Archaebacteria due to their largely superficial similarities to bacteria, derive their name from the Greek ἀρχαῖος meaning ‘ancient’. This is because they were believed to be the earliest life forms (a belief with some validity), due partly to the fact that the initial species discovered were extremophiles. It would also be unfair to label Archaea as ‘Bacteria’ as they present an even greater variety of shapes than bacteria- including the box-like cells of Haloquadratum walsbyi (pictured)
Image source: wikimedia.org
Instead of rinsing off the pacifier when it falls out of your baby’s mouth, new research suggests that sucking it clean for them could help keep them from developing eczema and asthma. Researchers say the harmless bacteria in parents’ saliva works by stimulating the babies’ immune system.
EDUCATE THOSE T CELLS.
Let’s frame a case from the perspective of just the roles being reversed, nothing else. On the night of February 26, 2012, George Zimmerman, a 28 year old black male, was driving around his townhouse complex on a personal errand. He witnessed a 17 year old hispanic american teenager, Treyvon Martin, walking around in a hoodie looking around in the rain. GZ decides to call the police, as there have been several break ins in the neighborhood.
Now, in the real incident, was this call, and the statement from GZ that “This guy looks like he is up to no good or he is on drugs or something.” racially motivated? Perhaps. Probably. In the past, GZ was involved as a witness in several cases where black teenagers had been found responsible for stealing a laptop, jewelry, etc from a house in the complex, so maybe GZ was unfairly considering TM as a possible burglar based on his race. His only real evidence for TM looking suspicious is that he’s “looking around” which is pretty shitty evidence. SO yeah, GZ was probably being racist. But that’s not illegal, it’s just immoral.
Back to our theoretical case, when GZ then decides to get out of the car and pursue on foot, since TM is running, is that strange? yeah, he probably should have waited for police. But again, not illegal.
Now from here on out, we have very little evidence of what happened. Here’s what we have: The police call from GZ, the 911 tapes, and the witness testimony (Rachel Jeantel, “John”, the 13 yo kid).
Jeantel was on the phone with TM, and said that Martin told her that a man was watching him from his vehicle while talking on the phone before the man started following Martin. Martin told his friend at one point that he had lost the man but the man suddenly appeared again. RJ then said that she told Martin to run to the townhouse where he was staying with his father and the father’s girlfriend. She then heard Martin say, “What are you following me for?” followed by a man’s voice responding, “What are you doing around here?” She said that she heard the sound of pushing before the phone went dead. She immediately attempted to call him back, but was unable to reach him. During her interview with the prosecutor, she added that Martin had described the man as “crazy and creepy”, watching him from a vehicle while the man was talking on the phone. She also told prosecutors that she heard words like “get off, get off”, right before she lost contact with Martin. Jeantel also testified that Martin referred to Zimmerman as a “creepy ass cracker” during their telephone conversation.
"John": A witness to the confrontation just prior to the shooting stated that TM was on top of GZ and punching him, while GZ was yelling for help. This witness, who identified himself as "John", stated that "the guy on the bottom, who had a red sweater on, was yelling to me, ‘Help! Help!’ and I told him to stop, and I was calling 911". He went on to say that when he got upstairs and looked down, "the guy who was on the top beating up the other guy, was the one laying in the grass, and I believe he was dead at that point.".
A 13-year-old boy walking his dog saw a man on the ground shortly before the shooting and identified him as wearing red. His mother later disputed the testimony and claimed that the police pressured him into choosing the color that the man was wearing and that her son could not see any details in the dark. She also stated that the police waited five days before requesting to even question her son and said that the lead homicide investigator told her that he did not believe the shooting was self-defense.
Here’s the recording and transcript from GZ’s police call:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Trayvon_Martin_Shooting_Call1.ogg andhttp://www.motherjones.com/documents/326700-full-transcript-zimmerman
Here’s the recording of the multiple 911 calls: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DgqMucTblCg
It’s difficult from any of these to determine with full confidence what happened during those minutes between GZ’s call with the police and the police arriving on scene. The witness accounts are inconsistent, with “John” saying TM was on top of GZ for the majority of the “wrestling”, and most of the other witnesses not actually /witnessing/ the events take place. Several witnesses do corroborate each other IN THEIR 911 CALLS that TM was on top of GZ.
The other evidence we have of what happened is the Forensic pathologist’s report.
The Volusia County medical examiner found that Martin was killed by an injury resulting from a single gunshot to the chest, fired at “intermediate range”, between 1 and 18 inches according to a forensic expert. An FDLE (Florida Department of Law Enforcement) analysis of Martin’s body and clothes described the distance as “a contact shot”. The autopsy also found that Martin had one small abrasion on his left ring finger below the knuckle. No other injuries were found on Martin’s body at the time of his death. They also found trace amounts of THC in TMs blood stream, but that’s pretty irrelevant as far as I’m concerned. It’s just a smear thing. GZ’s lawyers also brought in a gunshot expert to say that GZs description of events were consistent with the wound, but that doesn’t totally square with the claim that gunshot evidence shows TM was on top. It can’t show that. It can show the shot was at close range, etc etc, which it does, but not who was on top. For that we only have witness testimony at the time of the shooting.
I honestly think GZs account and the prosecution’s accounts are irrelevant. They’re both likely false in some way, given the need to convict or free GZ by either side. What matters are the facts. Incontrovertible facts. And in this case, here’s what the prosecution needs to prove for each charge: For Murder in the Second Degree, the prosecution needed to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that George ZImmerman “engaged in the unlawful killing of a human being, perpetrated by any act imminently dangerous to another and evincing a depraved mind regardless of human life, although without any premeditated design to effect the death of any particular individual.” which is the FL statute for Second Degree Murder.
For manslaughter, they have to prove that Zimmerman killed a human being by the act, procurement, or culpable negligence of another, without lawful justification”. That justification is referring to the Self defense provisions in FL law, which are here: “The use of deadly force is justifiable when a person is resisting any attempt to murder such person or to commit any felony upon him or her or upon or in any dwelling house in which such person shall be.”
Basically, the prosecution needs to prove that Zimmerman shouldn’t have been afraid of TM. Or that Zimmerman wasn’t in danger of death, and therefore shouldn’t have shot TM. That would be the way to prove Zimmerman committed manslaughter, but hilariously, it isn’t what the prosecution did. Instead, as shown by their closing arguments, they didn’t prove jack shit. They made it a fucking media circus, and now Zimmerman is a free man because of it. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/07/11/george-zimmerman-trial-the-prosecution-s-dramatic-closing-arguments.html
Instead of making their closing arguments a media play, the prosecution should have made it about George Zimmerman being a grown man, attacked by a 17 year old kid. Zimmerman wasn’t in fear of being killed, he wasn’t in imminent danger, and had no reason to use self defense. There’s some play on the Zimmerman side attempting to prove that he needed it, with statements from Zimmerman’s father that TM wanted to take GZ’s gun, but all of that is just bullshit. The prosecution, instead of proving anything, tried to make the case a goddamn media monkey trial. And that’s why George Zimmerman isn’t guilty of Manslaughter, as he probably should be. Were I a juror of this court, I probably would have convicted GZ of Manslaughter, since there’s no evidence either way of GZ’s justifiability of self defense. GZ was a big guy, TM was a kid. He probably didn’t need to use a gun to live, neither were in danger of dying. But it has fucking nothing to do with race. It has to do with the goddamn facts.
Scavengers might not play as key a role in spreading anthrax through wildlife populations as previously assumed, according to findings from a small study conducted in Etosha National Park in northern Namibia.
Wildlife managers currently spend large amounts of money and time to control anthrax outbreaks by preventing scavengers from feeding on infected carcasses.
The effort might be ill spent, according to results published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology by an international consortium of researchers led by Steven Bellan, an ecologist at The University of Texas at Austin.
Primary source: Applied & Environmental Microbiology
I thought it might be a good idea to explain what I’m doing with my life right now. For almost two years, I was a part of a Cellular Immunology lab affiliated with the Howard Hughes Medical Institute at the University of Chicago, specifically the Albert Bendelac Lab. We were researching NKT cells, a special type of innate like lymphocyte which has unknown actions in humans.
Hold on, let’s unpack the shit out of that sentence. Lymphocytes are a type of cell that comes from the lymphogenesis organs, which are in the Bone Marrow. Lymphocytes include Lymphoid Dendritic Cells, T Cells, B Cells, and a ton of other random cells, including some, but not all Natural Killer Cells. Immune Cells are divided into two categories: Lymphoid and Myeloid. Myeloid Cells are the more innate, first barrier of defense when you get sick, like Natural Killer Cells who are loaded guns releasing entire vacuoles full of acidic and highly oxygenated and deadly molecules which obliterate cells of all kinds. Neutrophils are also Myeloid cells, with a similar action, except they often suicide, releasing their DNA and proteins in a clump, which is supposed to trap bacteria and parasites in a web of stickiness, attracting an immune response. Macrophages gobble up pathogens, and present chopped up proteins on little carrier molecules to T and B cell receptors, who are then activated and can go kill the infected cells. Dendritic Cells have a similar activity, though they do less sensing and invading than Macrophages. T cells are divided into CD4 and CD8 T cells, which have different jobs. Both mature in the Thymus, a gland in your upper chest above the heart. In the thymus these cells are exposed to tons of host proteins cut up into bits, and any that react against the host are killed. This is because both T and B cells have receptors that are randomly generated using a recombination technique of a few different genes with highly variable nucleotides. B cells release these receptors in the form of antibodies, which are then used as a marker of immune response and tons of other techniques, including staining, purification, and other shit tons of stuff in science.
Anyway, NKT Cells are kind of what they sound like, a merger cell that has characteristics of both NK cells and T cells. It senses bacteria and viruses early on, and kills them. It’s more able to kill things than CD8 cytotoxic T cells. I specifically was working on another similar type of cell, the CD8 alpha alpha T Cell, which is sort of a weird middle child of the CD8 T cells. These cells exist mainly in the gut, though they’ve only been discovered in mice thus far. They are believed to cause gut tolerance against microbes, a hugely controversial topic in Immunology at the moment. However, my grad student was graduating, my lab lost HHMI funding, and my project was sort of at a stand still. I was supposed to be testing for the presence of these CD8aa cells in other organs, by looking for the randomly generated receptors that these cells have, looking for those sequences in other organs. But I was having trouble labeling the layers of the gut differentially so as to only purify the outermost epithelial layer, above the basement membrane.
I decided earlier this year to switch to a Microbiology lab, a discipline I have far more interest in from a grad school approach. I still have time in Undergrad to complete a senior thesis, and the projects I had worked on for the Bendelac Lab were either completed or at a standstill, as I mentioned. I looked for a while, looking for stability and cutting edge qualities of research. I finally discovered a lab group headed by Dr. Robert Daum under the Committee of Microbiology which studies MRSA. MRSA is a variety of the Staphylococcus Aureus bacteria which has developed the ability to resist Beta Lactam antibiotics, particularly Methicillin, the most popular of these in clinical usage. The exact mechanism of resistance remains unknown, but a variety of plasmids have been discovered in MRSA strains which are believed to hold the key. My lab has a few projects researching genes which have been identified in connection with Beta Lactam resistance, notably the vra operon. The vra operon consists of a two or three component regulatory system, which is to say a few proteins created by this DNA segment poke out of the membrane and sense certain signals, which are then transmitted via a series of other proteins into a measurable flux in the transcription of other proteins in the cell. One such gene, vraT has been found to be associated with the methicillin resistance phenotype. When vraT is mutated in MRSA, methicillin susceptibility is restored, or in other words, we can treat the infection again. My project in particular has to do with a compound that’s been discovered to inhibit vraT action. When given this compound, MRSA becomes susceptible to methicillin and other Beta Lactam antibiotics. I’m testing these properties in the context of laboratory mice, since up to this point the antimicrobial properties of the compound has only been discovered in vitro, or independent of animals.
Basically my job entails infecting mice with MRSA under the skin, and giving them antibiotics and this compound X in different varying quantities to see at which point the methicillin can kill the MRSA again.
My favorite quote from this article is:
"Some assistant U.S. attorneys claim the positions violate a federal law, known as the Antideficiency Act, which says the government can’t be staffed with unpaid volunteers.
In November, the National Association of Assistant U.S. Attorneys wrote to the to Executive Office of U.S. Attorneys to “urge the Department of Justice to discontinue the practice…”
…The Executive Office for U.S Attorneys responded to the association’s letter six months later, defending the unpaid positions.
“We continue to believe the department’s long-standing use of uncompensated [special assistant U.S. attorneys] is legally permissible,” wrote H. Marshall Jarrett, director of the Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys. While special assistant U.S. attorneys have a legal maximum salary, he said, there’s no minimum. Which means the Justice Department considers itself free to set their salary “at a gratuitous rate of pay (i.e. $0).”
Riiiiiight, I forgot about all those paid jobs that just pay a rate of $0.00 per annum.